Directorate of

Economics and Statistics

Government of Andhra Pradesh

Activities

  • Functional Areas
  • Special Census

  • Agriculture Statistics
  • Industrial Statistics
  • Prices and Wages Statistics
  • Official Statistics
  • State Income
  • Socio Economic Survey

Agricultural Statistics covers Rainfall Statistics, Area Statistics (comprising the data on Land use, Area & Production) and Yield Statistics of various crops cultivated in the state. Agriculture is the back bone of our economy. For boosting the output of agriculture, the Government of Andhra Pradesh is adopting a promising multi-pronged strategy with an objective to make Andhra Pradesh self-sufficient in production of food grains. Directorate of Economics and Statistics has been declared as State Agriculture Statistical Authority and an expert organization in quantifying the state progress in Agriculture.

(a) Rainfall Statistics

The rainfall statistics is needed to monitor the progress of agricultural operations in an area, to assess the recurrence of drought or floods and to prepare contingency plans, to advise farmers on the cultivation practices to be adopted for different levels of precipitation and soil moisture, development of water resources and to plan for construction for irrigation projects, to assess fluctuations and recharging of ground water levels. The Director, Directorate of Economics and Statistics is the Rainfall Registration Authority in the State. The state has 2387 Automatic Weather stations and 670 manual raingauge stations covering an area of 250 sq.kms.per one rainguage as against the IMD's requirement of a gauge per 500 sq.kms. The daily rainfall report/ weekly rainfall report for week ending Wednesday of all mandals are being submitted to the State Government everyday / Thursday.

(b) Area Statistics

The Directorate of Economics and Statistics is the State Agricultural Statistics Authority (SASA). The Agricultural Statistics system comprises of survey/ sub division wise census enumeration of each piece of land in the state and aggregating the area statistics (of all kinds) at various levels from village to the state. The Directorate has computerized the Agricultural Census Abstract to facilitate fast processing and retrieval of data at all levels. The land data is classified into 9 classes i.e, i) Forest ii) Barren and Uncultivable Land iii) Land put to non agricultural uses iv) Permanent Pastures and other grazing lands v) Miscellaneous tree crops groves not included in the Net Area Sown vi) Cultivable Waste vii) Other Fallow Lands viii) Current Fallows and ix) Net Area Sown. Data on land utilisation are finalized at the end of the Rabi season every year. Data is also collected through the scheme of 'Timely Reporting of Agricultural Statistics' (TRAS) in 20% of the villages every year using Stratified Random Sampling technique and forecast area and production of the important crops as per prescribed calendar by Ministry of Agriculture and Formers, GoI.

(c) Yield Statistics

(i) Food And Non-food Crops

To obtain objective estimates of average productivity per hectare and production of important food and non-food crops, crop cutting experiments on sample basis are carried out in Andhra Pradesh. during Kharif and Rabi seasons. At present these surveys are being conducted to cover eleven principal food crops viz., Rice, Jowar, Bajra, Maize. Ragi, Korra, Red gram, Green gram, Blackgram, Horse gram & Bengal gram and ten principal non-food crops viz., Groundnut, Sesamum, Castor, Sunflower, Chilies (red), Sugarcane, Cotton, Tobacco, Mesta and Soya bean.

A multistage stratified random sampling procedure with the mandal as the stratum, villages within the stratum as first stage units, the field in the selected village as the secondary unit of sampling and the plot of the specified size within the field as the ultimate unit of sampling has been adopted for carrying out these experiments.

The sample size i.e. the total number of villages for each crop is so fixed at the state level as to give estimates of average productivity with a desired degree of precision at the state level. Two departments, viz., Statistical and Agriculture are involved and the experiments are shared by Statistical and Agriculture departments on 50:50 basis.

The yield estimates for the crops which are not covered under Crop Estimation Surveys (Food & Non-Food Crops and Fruits & Vegetable Crops), will be obtained through Oral Enquiry Method. The yield, production and price of 85 crops (Agriculture crops and Horticultural crops) are estimated through Oral Enquiry method from 2014-15 onwards.

(ii) Crop Insurance Scheme - Pradhana Mantri Fasal Bima Yojana

The comprehensive crop insurance scheme is being implemented in Andhra Pradesh from 1985-86 onwards to provide financial support to the loanee and non-loanee farmers in the event of crop failure due to natural calamities. This Scheme is implementing in Andhra Pradesh as National Agriculture Insurance Scheme from 1999. 2010 onwards it is modified and named as Modified National Agriculture Insurance Scheme. 2016 onwards it is notified as PMFBY. The crops covered under the scheme are Rice, Jowar, Bajra, Ragi, Maize, Red gram, Green gram, Black gram,korra, Groundnut, Castor, Sunflower, Cotton, Chilies, Sugarcane (P&R) , Onion, Bengalgram and Turmeric.

Mandal or group of mandals (in contiguity) having a minimum area of 5000 acres under a crop is constituted as an insurance unit and 12 or 18 experiments are planned respectively on each crop in these units. Unit wise estimates of average productivity of crops are supplied to General Insurance Corporation as per the cut off dates for each season. With the introduction of the crop insurance scheme the number of experiments has been increased to 77474 per annum, there by the precision of the estimates of average productivity at district/state level has also been increased.

(iii) Fruit And Vegetables Crops

Yield estimation surveys on Fruits and Vegetable Crops and perennial and orchard crops are being conducted by adopting the multistage stratified random sampling with two stage yield estimation procedure viz., the density of bearing trees per hectare and yield per bearing tree. The crops covered under the procedure are Mango, Coconut, Banana, Guava, Lemon, Batavia and Cashew nut. In addition to these orchard crops, yield estimation surveys are also conducted by following the procedures of general crop estimation surveys, on tomato, onion, turmeric, bhendi and brinjal crops. These surveys are shared by Statistical and Horticulture functionaries at primary level on 50:50 ratio. The Directorate releases agricultural statistics through two annual publications viz., an Outline of Agricultural Situation in A.P. and Season and Crop Report of A.P.

Industrial statistics is the practical work involved in collecting, processing, and analyzing industrial data in order to evaluate the implementation of state plans and to describe the development of industrial production and its economic efficiency.

Trends in performance of Industrial sector are primarily monitored through Annual Survey of Industries, ASI and Index of Industrial Production (IIP) (monthly)


(a) Annual Survey of Industries

Annual Survey of Industries (ASI) is the principal source of Industrial Statistics of the registered/ organized manufacturing sector in India. It provides statistical information to assess and evaluate objectively and realistically the changes in growth, composition and structure of organized manufacturing processes, repair, services, gas, water supply and cold storage. The Survey has been conducted since 1959 under the authority of the Collection of Statistics Act, 1953. Since 2010-11, the ASI is being conducted under the authority of the Collection of Statistics Act, 2008. In accordance with the provisions of Collection of Statistics (Central) Rules, 2011 framed under the Act, ASI had been designed to obtain comprehensive and detailed data for the following objectives, viz.,

  • Estimation of the contribution of manufacturing industries as a whole and of each type of industry to the "State Income"
  • Systematic study of the structure of the industry as a whole and of each type of industry
  • To analyze the various factors influencing the industries in the State
  • Construction of comprehensive, factual and systematic base for formulation of policy.

The ASI sample survey is being conducted annually by NSSO and States basing on the list of factories registered under section 2m(i) [10 or more workers with power] and section 2m(ii) [20 or more workers without power] of Factories Act 1948 and Bidi & Cigar units registered under Bidi & Cigar workers act 1966.

  • NSSO collects data of factories having 100 or more workers and all units having less than or equal to 4 units in a district in the same 3 digit NIC code under Census Scheme.
  • Besides Census Scheme, NSSO also covers certain selected units with less than 100 workers under Sample Scheme in which an equal No. of selected units is canvassed by Directorate of Economics & Statistics (DES).

The Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Andhra Pradesh is being released the District level estimates based on the pooling of the unit level data of NSSO & DES since 2002-03.

(b) Index of Industrial Production

Previously, the Directorate of Economics & Statistics collects the monthly production data from the selected factories every month and released monthly Index of Industrial Production with base year, 1970. To capture the changes in the structure and composition of the industry over time due to the technological changes, economic reforms and consumption patterns of the people, it is necessary to revise the IIP periodically. Accordingly, the base year was revised to 1980-81, 1993-94, 2004-05 and presently to 2011-12 as per the guidelines of Central Statistical Organization on par with the All India I.I.P. The CSO has selected the item basket and also the weighting diagram for the selected items as well as for the industrial groups and ultimately for the three sectors namely, 1) Mining and quarrying, 2) Manufacturing sector and 3) Electricity. The Production particulars are being collected on monthly basis and released 15th of every 2nd succeeding month.

Prices play an important role in the functioning of market economies by providing a link between supply and demand of products and services. Price is the value that will purchase a finite quantity, weight, or other measure of a good or service. Price statistics are important tools in the design and conduct of the monetary and fiscal policy of the Government, and also of great utility in taking decisions for the overall development of the economy. Price statistics are also useful in adjusting the wages and salaries of the employees, to control the prices of commodities, to evaluate the terms of trade, to reveal inflationary and deflationary pressures and help in taking suitable corrective action and to evolve a suitable price policy.

DES deals with collection, compilation and analysis of a wide variety of prices.

Prices:

  1. Daily Retail Prices of 6 Essential Commodities

  2. Weekly Retail Prices of 21 Essential Commodities

  3. Wholesale Prices of 40 Agricultural Commodities

  4. Agricultural Prices (Farm Harvest Prices)

  5. Prices of Livestock & Livestock Products

  6. Prices of Building Material

Wages:

  1. Wages of Agricultural and Non Agriculture Labour

  2. Wages of Construction Labour

Indices:

  1. Consumer Price Index Numbers for Industrial Workers of both State & Central Series

Consumer Price Index Numbers for Industrial Workers

  1. On par with Central Series, the D.E. & S., A.P is also compiling the CPI-IW with same base year 2001=100 for 7centres and releasing index on every Month.

Usage

  1. Regulation of Dearness Allowance of all the workers and employees belonging to private and public sectors.

  2. To monitor prices of essential commodities to ensure affordable prices to consumers

  3. To workout point-to-point Inflation Rates.

  4. To study consumption pattern to know the cost of living

  5. To construct index numbers

Revision of CPI-IW Base year

  1. Working Class Family Income and Expenditure Survey (WCFI &ES) is in completed in all the selected (10) centres in the state.

  2. Data entry work completed in Eluru, Hindupur and Kurnool centres and work is in progress in remaining 7 selected centres.

DES prepares Statistical Abstract of the state consisting of 427 tables of various statistics of the state covered under 28 chapters after collecting data from 88 line departments.

DES prepares Statistics for Local Area Planning (SLAP) annually. It includes detailed statistics on 984 parameters of Villages and covers 17,398 villages (including un-inhabited). Chief Planning Officers of the districts Collects Data relating to District Hand Book of Statistics.

Official Statistics Division also publishes statistics on core areas like A.P Economy in Brief and Districts at a Glance, Compendium of Environmental Statistics , A.P.,2016 & 2017, Gender Statistics and Child Statistics.

(a) State Income Division

SDP is important because it gives information about the size of the State economy and how an economy is performing. The growth rate of real SDP is often used as an indicator of the general health of the State economy. In broad terms, an increase in real SDP is interpreted as a sign that the economy is doing well.

The estimates of the state domestic product at current and constant prices by industry of origin are prepared in four stages for every year. The four stages are advance estimates, quick estimates, provisional and revised estimates. These estimates are in constant demand for purposes of planning, assessment of the rate of development and determination of the share of central resources to be allocated to the State.

(b) Regional Accounts

Economic classification of the state expenditure given in annual budgets of the state Government is made to classify State expenditures by their economic character (final outlays consisting of government consumption expenditure, wages and salaries, pensions and other consumption, and gross capital formation, transfer payments to the rest of the economy and financial investments and loans to the rest of the economy.) Functional classification of budgetary outlays is also made to show them according to the services or functions rendered. Income outlay account and also capital finance accounts are prepared every year in the section in respect of State Governments budgetary transactions, Zilla Parishads, Mandal parishads, grama panchayats, municipalities and state public sector undertakings separately as recommended by the Regional Accounts Committee set up by Government of India in 1976. Capital formation in all sectors of Andhra Pradesh economy is also estimated.

(c) Related Macro Economic Aggregates

Related Macro Economic aggregates like, Capital Formation and Savings are also estimated. Estimates of Gross Fixed Capital Formation (GFCF) by type of industry, by type of institutions and by type of assets are compiled. It is one of the states in the country collecting the annual accounts from all the local bodies i.e., Zilla Parishads, Mandal Parishads, Muncipalities /Corporations, Grama Panchayats and analyzing annually to arrive Gross Value Added, Capital formation, consumption expenditure, savings etc., in the prescribed accounts of Income and outlay account & Capital Finance account. Annual accounts of Zilla Parishads and Municipalities are being analyzed at the state level by the Directorate of Economics and Statistics and Mandal Parishad and Gram Panchayat accounts are being finalized at district level by Chief Planning Officer District Panchayat Officer respectively

Introduction:

The National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) conducts large scale sample surveys since 1950 to fill up the data gaps required for computation of National Income and Macro Economic Aggregates at National and State Level. Andhra Pradesh state has been participating in Socio Economic Surveys on par with NSSO from NSS 14th round (1958) onwards to generate comparable estimates on matching sample basis. The surveys are carried out on Socio Economic subjects of national interest like Household consumer expenditure, Employment & Un-employment, Un-organized Manufacturing, Trade & Other Services, Housing conditions, Disability, Morbidity and Health care and Education & IT etc. Every round covers normally of one year period, which in further divided into 4 sub-rounds of 3 months duration.

The NSSO has been adopting a two stage stratified random sampling. The first stage units (FSU) are villages in rural sector and UFS blocks in urban sector, the Ultimate Stage Units are households/enterprises. The NSSO divided the state into regions by grouping contiguous districts based on population density and cropping pattern

Trainings / Data Collection / Report Generation :

Before taking up data collection work, multi-stage training programmes are conducted. All-India Training of Trainers (AITOT) is organized by NSSO to discuss the sampling design, schedules of enquiry and procedures for data collection. The officers who are trained at All-India Training in turn train the field functionaries at State Level and District level.

Pooling of Central and State Sample Data of NSS Rounds:

The Pooling committee headed by Prof. R.Radhakrishna emphasized on selected, need based and feasible important parameters and pooling of central and state sample data taking into consideration the available sample size.

The Andhra Pradesh State has increased the state sample size (double) to derive robust estimates at sub-state/ district level as per the NSC recommendations. Further to arrive reliable estimates at sub-state / district level the Pooling of Central and State sample data has been taken up from NSS 66th round onwards and Pooled reports released up to NSS 68th round. Draft report completed for NSS 69th round.

Subjects Covered under Pooling in NSS rounds :

Round No. Year Period
(In months)
Subject covered
66 2009-10 12 Household Consumer Expenditure Employment & Unemployment
67 2010-11 12 Un-incorporated Non-Agricultural Enterprises (Manufacturing Trade and other Services)
68 2011-12 6 1. Household Consumer Expenditure
2. Employment & Unemployment
69 2012 6 Drinking Water, Sanitation & Hygiene, Housing Conditions and Slums
70 2013 12 1. Land & Livestock Holdings,
2. Debt and Investments,
3. Situation Assessment survey of Agricultural Households
71 2014 6 Social Consumption on Health and Education
72 2014-15 12 Domestic Tourism Expenditure, Household consumption of Services & Durable goods
73 2015-16 12 Unincorporated Non-Agricultural Enterprises (Excluding Construction)
74 2016-17 12 Service Sector Enterprise
75 2017-18 12 House hold consumer expenditure and Household social consumption on Health and education
76 2018 (July- Dec) 6 Drinking Water, Sanitation & Hygiene, Housing Conditions and persons with disability
77 2019 (On going) 12 1. Land & Livestock Holdings of households, Situation Assessment survey of Agricultural Households .
2. All India Debt and investment

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  • Agriculture Census (Land Holdings)
  • Minor Irrigation Census
  • Economic Census
  • Public Sector Employment Census
  • Socio Economic Surveys

Agriculture census forms part of a broader system of collection of agriculture statistics. It is a large scale statistical operation for the collection and derivation of quantitative information about the structural aspects of agriculture in the State. An agricultural operational holding is the ultimate unit for taking decision for development of agriculture at micro level. It is for this reason that an operational holding is taken as the statistical unit for data collection and for describing the structure of agriculture.

Periodical agriculture censuses are important, as they are the main source of information on basic characteristics of operational holdings such as land use and cropping pattern, irrigation status, tenancy particulars and the terms of leasing. This information is tabulated by different size classes and social groups including scheduled casts/ scheduled tribes which are needed for development planning, socio-economic policy formulation and establishment of national priorities. The whole project of agriculture census in the country is implemented in three distinct phases, which are statistically linked together but focus on different aspects of agriculture statistics. In Phase - I, a list of holdings with their area and social characteristics of the holders is prepared. In phase - II, detailed data on agriculture characteristics of holdings are collected from selected villages. In Phase - III, data on input use pattern are collected from selected holdings in selected villages.

Recognizing the importance and predominance of Agriculture Sector in the country, the GoI has been conducting Agriculture Census, quinquennially, since 1970-71. Subsequently agriculture census were conducted in the state during 1976-77, 1980-81, 1985-86, 1990-91, 1995-96, 2000-01, 2005-06 and 2010-11. The present agriculture census is conducted with 2015-16 (1st July, 2015 to 30th June, 2016) as the reference period. It is the 10th agriculture census in the state.

Objective :

  1. (i) Describe the structure and characteristics and agriculture providing statistical data on operational holdings, operational area, land utilization, agricultural machinery and implements, use of fertilizers etc.

  2. (ii) Provide bench-mark data needed for formulating new agricultural development programmes and for evaluating their progress.

  3. (iii) To provide basic framework of operational holdings and its characteristics for carrying out future agriculture surveys and to lay basis for developing integrated programme for current agricultural statistics.

One of the main objectives of Rationalization of minor Irrigation Statistics (RMIS) a sub-scheme under the Centrally Sponsored Scheme 'Irrigation Census' is to conduct Census of Minor Irrigation structures in the country on quinquennial basis. Five Censuses have been completed so far with reference years 1986-87, 1993-94, 2000-2001, 2006-07 and 2013-14 respectively.

The 6th MIC with reference year 2017-18 is being taken up to build sound and reliable database on the minor irrigation sector. The data will be used for estimating the availability of Ground Water and formulation of realistic plan for Water Resources development. The scope of Irrigation Census now been expanded to include Census of Water Bodies also with 100% Central Assistance.

As per the operational guidelines of GoI, the 6thMI Census will be conducted in a traditional methodology i.e. canvass paper based schedules for capturing the village level data and the MI scheme data from the rural areas. For the census of Water bodies, schedules of water bodies will be canvassed both for rural and urban areas. A smart phone to capture the latitude, longitude and photograph of water bodies, shall be used in the Census of Water Bodies. In the first time, as per the decision of the GoAP, the 6th MIC and CWB is being conducted through tab/mobile app by designing in-house customized software and established the web portal http://aproms.ap.gov.in/mic6 for monitoring the censuses.

The non-farm economic activities carried out in India have lot of diversity in terms of organization and management. They are carried out by units registered /licensed under various laws and regulations or by self-employed/ own account establishments not registered/licensed. Some of them operate in fixed visible premises/ location or at different premises/ location and some operate within household categorized as invisible units. Some units operate only to serve other unit(s).

Some operate seasonally or casually and some may not operate throughout a given year. They are engaged in different economic activities, relating to primary, secondary and tertiary sector. Some of them may engage themselves in multiple economic activities at any given point of time and some may diversify their activities from time to time. Conducting periodic Economic Census has been the means of measuring the diversity of non-farm economic activities in all its major dimensions.

The previous Five Economic Censues were conducted during the years 1977, 1980, 1990, 1998, 2005, 2013 and the 7th and the latest census is in progress with reference year as 2019.

The Census of Public Employment covering state government, local bodies, state public sector undertakings and universities is conducted once in five years. Information is updated through quarterly returns for the mid-censual period. This information flow is found useful for evolving manpower plans for the State and to estimate costs of decisions regarding compensation to employees, age of retirement etc.

The Employment & Unemployment data is one of the important indicators to measure the effectiveness of Government Policies aimed at generating employment opportunities to the people of the state / country. The main source of employment & unemployment data is the surveys conducted by NSSO and Labour Bureau. The Labour Bureau has been conducting Annual Surveys on Employment & Unemployment from the year 2010 to study the Labour Force Participation Rate (LFPR), Worker Population Ratio (WPR) and Unemployment Rate (UR).

DES, A.P. proposed to participate in Annual Surveys of Employment & Unemployment by Labour Bureau under APSSSP on matching sample basis as the NSSO has not conducting Employment and Unemployment surveys on annual basis to derive the district wise estimates of LFPR, WPR & UR. Accordingly DES, A.P. has involved in data collection and supervision of 3rd (2012-13), 4th (2013-14), 5th (2015-16) & 6th (2016-17) EUS for both Labour Bureau and State samples.

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